Eritrean Foundation for Social Justice and Development

The Crisis

The UNHCR estimates the current Eritrean Refugees in eastern Sudan to be about 500,000 but the real number is estimated to be much higher. This great number of refugees arrived over a long period of time starting from the beginning of the war of independence in the 1960s. over time they escaped their country due to war and various internal conflicts and are unable to return to their home country due to unsettled internal conflicts and political unrest. In recent years, additional influx of refugees, particularly young people, arrived in neighboring countries such as Sudan, Ethiopia and Yemen due to forced military service, the spill over of the war in Tigray and various violence. These refugees have been and are in desperate need of life-saving humanitarian aid including food, medicine and clean water. Additionally, there is a need for education and support for orphans.

We at the Eritrean foundation for social justice and development are dedicated to helping and supporting these refugees. Despite our limited resources, we have provided considerable support in the past few years and we are appealing to the world to help us to help them. We are native Eritreans; we are part of the Eritrean society and we care about these refugees. We are volunteers and have negligible management cost to our service and we can deliver. Please support the Eritrean refugees.


Eritrean Foundation for Social Justice and Development.

Refugee Camps with acute lack of medical services

Many Eritrean refugee camps in Eastern Sudan such as Wad Sharifai and Kilo 26 in the state of Kassala and Shagarab-I, II and III in the state of Gadarif face existential problems including clean drinking water, lack of medical care and food shortages. In the case of medical care, there is an acute shortage of medical supplies and services. There are no adequate medical services that can provide sufficient health services to meet the extreme health care necessity for the refugee camps. There are some private health providers that require considerable financial ability. The Sudanese public health system is not equipped to serve patients in the refugee camps, and even if it is reached for help, do not have the medical resources to provide free medications or perform surgeries. Therefore, the Eritrean refugees in Easter Sudan are under continuous medical emergency.

We believe there is even more urgent need to help pregnant women in the refugee camps. There is a complete lack of services in this category. The maternal mortality during pregnancy or childbirth is alarmingly high. For example, many expecting mothers die at home or on their way to a city hospital due to lack of medication to stop bleeding.
We, the Eritrean Foundation for Social Justice and Development, can make a difference with your help. We have a plan to build complete medical clinic for pregnant women to provide physical examinations, critical medications, lab tests and nutritional guidance during pregnancy and after child birth. Please support us to complete this project with your generous donations (tax-deductible in the US).

For more information please contact us at

or call us at 14808487330

Kassala State health Situation report



Kassala State is located in the Eastern part of the Country. The state shares an international border with Eritrea to the East, the Red Sea State from the north, Khartoum State and the River Nile State in the west and by Al-Gedaref State to the south western.The State’s area is 42,282 kilometers square with total population of 2,662,220 persons. It is composed of eleven localities, nine of these localities are primarily rural in composition while the two localities of Kassala Town and New Halfa are urban centers. The State is characterized by Longterm poverty, under development,high malnutrition rate , cyclic disease outbreaks  (AWD, DF, Measles, chik, etc), high prevalence rate of endemic diseases (Malaria, TB, schistosomiasis ), Prone to natural disasters like floods (Algash river) and drought, Presence of refugee camps (83,071 refugees ), long and open international borders with Eritrea and Ethiopia.

Kassala State Health indicators

Health situation

1. Epidemic diseases

The State keeps monitoring trends of epidemic diseases through 158 sentinel reporting sites distributed in twelve localities according to the population density, epidemiological map of endemic diseases and history of epidemics. The completeness of the reports from sentinel reporting sites is 90%. 

1.2 Malaria:

Malaria remains the main cause of morbidity during first have of 2022;during this year the State has reported 68,532 malaria cases with Stateincidence 257cases per 10,000 population compared to 691 case per 10,000 population, reported during last year, highest number of cases as well highest Incidence rate are reported from Rural Algirba locality

1.3 Dysentery:

Dysentery is the second cause of morbidity in Kassala State after malaria during first have of 2022, the State has reported 9,633 cases during this year, with State incidence rate 36 cases per 10,000 population, highest incidence is 126/10,000 Pop reported from NhreAtbra locality.

1.4 Typhoid fever

During first have of 2022  the State reported 7,5011Typhoid fever cases, mainly  from Rural NhreAtbra and New Halfa localities which reported 114 and 58 cases per 10,000 population respectively compared to State incidence rate 28 cases per 10,000 population,

  • Other endemic diseases

Schistosomiasis is endemic at Girba, New Halfa and NhreAtbra localities, during this year the three localities reported 4080 cases, compared to 5,321 cases reported during 2020,

2.Diseases outbreaks (Epidemics)

2.1 Coivd-19 epidemic:

Covid-19 outbreak continue during 2022 and the State has reported 715 cases associated with 132 deaths since the beginning of the outbreak, CFR is 18%,

Majority of the cases (60%) are reported from Kassala locality, followed by New Halfa locality. 57% of the cases are above 60 years of age and 62% are male

2.2 Dengue Fever outbreak:

DF outbreak started in 5th August 2021 when one case from Kassala locality Al Murbaat Area, then no suspected cases reported till 15 August, when second suspected case reported from Banat area in Kassala locality.  last case was reported in Feb 2022, the accumulative reported cases are 915 and zero related deaths,the cases are reported from Kassala, West Kassala and rural Kassala localities,  attack rate. 85% of reported cases are from Kassala localities and with the localities there are clustering of cases in Alhalanga, Almurabaat and Hai Al-Arab arears. 89Samples are collected and sent to NPHL at Khartoum for further investigation, 25 samples shown positive result for DF, 61 samples were negative and 3 samples are in adequate.

Female cases represent 48% of total cases while Male cases counted 52%.  10to 30 years of age are the most affected age group (42%).

About us

Eritrean Foundation for Social Justice & Development (EFSJD) is a nonprofit organization registered officially in the United States.


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We think of EFSJD as a vehicle that use Eritreans’ ideas & efforts to help bring real changes for the Eritrean people. Therefore, we call upon all Eritreans in Diaspora and America in particular to come forward and join with their skills and talents the ongoing efforts. If you think our objectives & goals are the same of what you hold, please contact us.